TLE UNDER THE K-TO-12 CURRICULUM
by: Dan Michael M. Abarca
TLE, or Technology and Livelihood Education, is a subject that teaches high school students the principles of technicality that they would encounter in their daily lives. The legislative foundation for teaching TLE is also known as RA 10647, which is a statute that strengthens the ladderized link between technical vocational education and higher education training. Several characteristics are taken into account when teaching TLE, including real-world work, ill-defined problems, various sources, cooperation, reflection, multidisciplinary perspective, integrated assessment, polished output, and multiple interpretations and consequences.
The K to 12 program prepares students to enter the workforce as early as Grade 7. The Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA), a government entity entrusted with managing and supervising technical education and skills development (TESD) in the Philippines, sets the rules for TLE subjects in junior high school. This enables students to obtain a National Certificate (NC), which is required by the industry. Exploratory mini courses are introduced to students in Grades 7 and 8 once per grading period. There will be no duplication of mini-courses offered to students. Every student has the opportunity to explore one of the four major TLE courses: Agri-Fishery Arts, Home Economics, Industrial Arts, and Information and Communication Technology (ICT). Schools must offer a maximum of four TLE mini or exploratory courses in Grade 7 and another four in Grade 8, depending on the requirements of the community and the school's resources. The exploratory courses are the first step toward achieving a Certificate of Competency (COC) in Grade 9 and an NCI/NCII in Grade 10.
In Grade 9, the student selects one course to focus on from the mini courses offered in Grades 7 and 8. The learner can receive a Certificate of Competency at this level (COC). When the student reaches Grade 10, he or she begins studying for the TLE specialized course in Grade 9. Based on the TLE course, the student can earn at least an NC level I or II. Individuals must complete a competency assessment for the identified qualification at any of the certified assessment centers across the country.
In senior high school, students study core compulsory subjects as well as a required specialty. They can select one of three major tracks: Academic, Technical-Vocational-Livelihood (TVL), or Sports and Arts. The student opts for TVL and continues with the TLE course in Grades 9 and 10. This will allow students to receive NCII, which can be utilized as credentials when looking for jobs after graduating from SHS.